CORROSION INHIBITION EFFICIENCY OF MILD STEEL IN HYDROCLORIC ACID BY ADDING THEOBROMA CACAO PEEL EXTRACT

Yetri, Yuli and -, Emriadi and Jamarun , Novesar and -, Gunawarman (2018) CORROSION INHIBITION EFFICIENCY OF MILD STEEL IN HYDROCLORIC ACID BY ADDING THEOBROMA CACAO PEEL EXTRACT. -, - (-). ---. ISSN -

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Inhibition and adsorption properties of Theobroma cacao peel polar extract (TCPE) addition on corrosion inhibition efficiency of 0.3%C mild steel in hydrochloric acid solution for various exposuring time, TCPE concentration and working temperature were investigated using weight loss test method. Electrochemical polarization test was also conducted to confirm the effectiveness of inhibition. Infrared spectrums of the samples were also evaluated to reveal compounds of the extract which controll the inhibition process. Morphology and local composition of sample surfaces were respectively examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Thermodynamic parameters such as energy activation, enthalpy, entropy and change in the free energy were then determined using related data. The result shows that the inhibition efficiency increases significantly up to 96.3% (by weight loss method) and 95.6% (by electrochemical polarization) with the increase of TCPE content. The optimum efficiency is obtained at TCPE concentration of 2,5% for exposuring time of 768h. However, the efficiency decreases slightly with increasing working temperature in the range of 303K-323K. The polarization curve shows the inhibitor behaves as a mixed inhibitor with the dominant cathodic inhibition. TCPE is identified to have functional groups of phenol, aromatic rings and ether. These compound is then adsorbed by the surface of the mild steel. The adsorption model is found to obey Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Surface condition is improved due to the adsorption and then formation of thin layer film protection in the surface of the steel. The addition of TCPE into HCl is effective to minimize corrosion attack on the mild steel. Keywords: Corrosion, inhibitor, Theobroma cacao peel, Mild steel, Potensiodynamic

Item Type:Article
Subjects:F Science > FC Chemistry
Divisions:Luar PNP > Journal, Proceeding
ID Code:4417
Deposited By:Mr. OP Repo-1 Puskom
Deposited On:20 Mar 2019 07:36
Last Modified:23 Sep 2019 08:16

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